How to evaluate evidence based practice project in nursing

Sample Question

In order to evaluate an evidence-based practice project, it is important to be able to determine the effectiveness of your change. Discuss one way you will be able to evaluate whether your project made a difference in practice.

Sample Answer

The objective of implementing an evidence based practice in healthcare is to ensure that it brings the required change in the targeted organization (Löfmark, Hannersjö & Wikblad, 1999). In healthcare, introduction of evidence based solutions aims at improving the quality of care offered to patients and enhancing the treatment outcomes. Moreover, minimizing the cost of healthcare is also becoming an important consideration in the implementation of evidence based practice in healthcare setting. Evaluation is crucial to establish whether the organization has successfully adopted the anticipated changes in its operations. For this reason, it is important to apply an evaluation technique that is capable of measuring the anticipated changes in health care setting.

My evidence based project aimed at implementation of prewarming techniques in healthcare institutions, to reduce unintended perioperative hypothermia and the adverse health outcomes associated with the condition among surgical patients in hospital setting. To establish the effectiveness   of the implemented evidence based intervention in the hospital, a thorough evaluation plan that described and identified the anticipated variables and outcomes of the intervention was developed.

One of the anticipated outcomes for the projects was adoption/application of prewarming techniques in the prevention of hypothermia among surgical patients. The second anticipated outcome was for nurses to comprehend and know how to apply prewarming techniques among patients in the surgical setting. Another measure of the effectiveness of the evidence based practice was on the patient outcomes, in terms of reducing the incidences of UPH and the associated health complications.

One method that would facilitate in determination of the effectiveness of the evidence based practice is summative evaluation. It is essentially a systematic mechanism that enables collection and analysis of data on the effects/impacts of an intervention, output, and outcomes during implementation (Watson, Stimpson, Topping & Podorock, 2002). This method would therefore help in measuring and determining the success, efficacy and cost implications of my evidenced based projects in the healthcare organization.

References

Löfmark, A., Hannersjö, S. & Wikblad, K. (1999). A summative evaluation of clinical competence: students’ and nurses’ perceptions of inpatients’ individual physical  and emotional needs. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 29: 942–949. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2648.1999.00976.x

Watson, R., Stimpson, A., Topping, A., &  Podorock, D. (2002). Clinical competence     assessment in nursing: a systematic review of the literature. J.Adv. Nurs. 39 (5),  421–431

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